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Nikolayevsky district of Ulyanovsk region
Municipality formation «Nikolayevsky district»of Ulyanovsk regionis located in the southern part of the Ulyanovsk region. The neighbour districts are Pavlovsky, Starokulatkinsky, Baryshsky, Kusovatovsky, Novospassky, Radischevskiydistrictsof Ulyanovsk region and Kuznetskydistricts of Penza region.Distance to large settlements is 220 km to Ulyanovsk and 160km to Penza.
Population of «Nikolayevsky district» of Ulyanovsk region is 23699 people.
Male population is 11.1 thousands. Female population is 12,59thousands.
Working-age population is 12,8thousands.Population below working age is 3,6thousands. Population over working age is 7,3thousands.
Administrative territorial arrangement.
Nikolayevsky district of Ulyanovsk regionconsists of 1 urban settlement (Nikolaevka) and 8 rural settlements ( Baranovka, Golovino, dubrovka, Kanadey, Nikulino, Pospelovka, Slavkino, SukhayaTereshka).
Administrative center is Nikolaevka. 24% of the total population live here.
The total area is 2084,3 km ( 5,6 % from total terretoryof Ulyanovsk region).
The emblem and the flag.
On a blue background there is a golden ball. In the left part there is the coat of arms of the Ulyanovsk region. The flag consists of two horizontal bands. They are blue and yellow. The ball is located in the center of the blue strip.
The total area is 2084,3 km. There is agricultural land, forests, land of transport, power engineering, industry in Nikolayevsky district.
The area covered with forests is 74049 hectare (35,5 %).
There are some rivers. They are the Syzranka, theKanadeyra, theBekshanka, theOrdovatka and theRyzleyka. There are 2 large lakes (the White Lake and the Light Lake ) in Nikolayevsky district. It has also some ponds.
There is a unique “ The White Lake” in Nikolaevsky district. This lake is famous for medical property. A lot of sanatoriums and holiday houses are built here.
The district has a lot of minerals of sedimentary origin. For example the clay and loam to produce bricks. The volume of loam is 2177000 cubic foot. And there are rich deposits of oil, crushed stone and sand.
Two field of clay and loam with a general row material stock are reconnoitered. The stock gain on The Davydovsky field is possible in all directions from a contour of the counted inventories. The stock gain on The Fedorovsky field is possible in the western, northern, southeast directions from a contour of the counted inventories.
There is a lot of chalk in Baevka, Kuroedovo and Davydovka with the common stock of 18025 cubic meter.
The industry is provided by conversion of wood agricultural and construction raw materials, agricultural industry and transport and public service establishment.
The woods are important for Nikolaevsky district. There are wild-growing berries, fruit, mushrooms, herbs, large waterways and reservoirs, various fauna in this area.
The population organized the use of the wood: mowing, pasturage of the cattle, placement of apiaries, berries, nuts, mushrooms and herbs picking.
“The White Lake”, the lake “Poganoe” and the lake “Svetloe” are the especially protected natural territories in Ulyanovsk region.
There are various soils in this area. Three subtypes of gray forest soils were created here (37%).
Availability of green massifs, historical sights and especially protected natural territories gives the chance for rest and improvement of inhabitants and guests of Nikolaevsky District.
The area arrangement, its transport availability and the available resources allow to develop in the territory of the area the extracting and processing industry, the industry of construction materials, agricultural industry and the tourist sphere with a bias in ecotourism.
Historical information and famous historic figures
The history of Nikolaevsky District is a great part of the Russian history.
In 1925 begins the program of industrialization. In may 1928 by The Central Executive Committee and People's Commissioners Council of the USSR was formed the Middle Volga region based on the Ulyanovsk, Samara, Orenburg and Penza regions.
The resolution of VTsIK formed on July 16, 1928 the Nikolaevsky district based on Nikolaevsky, Kanadeysky, Golovinsky and part of Novospassky volosts. This date is considered the day of formation of the Nikolaevsky district. It is fixed by the Charter of this one.
The territory of the area constituted 1266 kilometers with the population 50 521 persons (In Baranovsky district - 27000).
The district was rich with creameries, distilling and timber mills. The population was engaged in agricultural industry, but it was at a low level. Because of the shortage of horses and stock many areas weren't processed. In 1927-1931 76 collective farms from 126460 hectares of the earth were organized. At the head of cooperatives were: Ilyin, Mazhayev, Filichkin, Malyshev, Kurkin, Serkov, Bogapov, Tulupov. In 1937 183 tractors and 18 combines worked at fields of the Nikolaevsky district, kolkhozes were served by 20 agronomists, 15 mechanojams of 20 bangs of a mechanical personnel.
The advanced people worked and were put at the head of cooperative : P.F. Ilyin, A.F. Mazhayev, I.M. Filichkin, Malyshev, Kurkin, Serkov, Bogapov, Tulupov and others. 183 tractors and 18 combines worked at fields of the district of Nikolaevka in 1937. Collective farms were served by 20 agronomists, 15 machine operators and 20 technicians.
The progress of collective farms, privileges provided by the state induced individualists to the accession to collective farms.
Of course, it has been made many mistakes at elimination of the kulaks.
In 1930-31 only from the district of Baranovka 449 people have been moved. Many dispossessed peasants were restored in the rights by the regional commission on restoration of the rights of the rehabilitated victims of political repressions. About 60 people have received monetary compensation for the property of parents withdrawn in the years of repressions, and their houses (the former building of administration of Praskovyino) were returned . In 1931 the machine and tractor stations which have provided substantial assistance in formation of collective farms have begun to work in the district of Nikolaevka.
It is necessary to remember the first tractor operators of the area: Lantsev S. E., Aleksashin, P.Ya. Chavkin, P.I. Lokotkov, I.F. Ryskin, I.S. Kuznetsov, I.V. Hrenov, I.G. Poteshkin and many others. On a patriotic initiative of P. Angelina "Girlfriends, on the tractor! " our girls have responded. In the village of Golovino among her first followers there were Zinaida Stenyagina, Tatyana Aleksashina, Anastasia Yermolaeva and Galina Yermolaeva in Panovka, Nina Nikitina in Kanadey, Praskoviya Balduyeva in Karanino.
In 1937 the there was a good harvest. In collective farm "Activist" (the village of Dubrovka) on a workday it have been given 7,5 kg of bread. The prosperity has come to families of collective farmers. They began to buy bicycles, record players. The efficiency of livestock production has increased. In 1937 milkmaids of collective farm "Ant" (the village of Golovino (Sivova and Trushina have obtained 4400 and 3500 kg of milk from a cow.
For great production success the milkmaid of collective farm “Tyoplovsky” Voronina was a participant of the Extraordinary Congress of Councils. In collective farms the Stakhanov movement spread.
III. Economic development
Economic and social situation.
In the rating of municipal units of the Ulyanovsk region for 2017 the district of Nikolaevka takes the 6th place.
According to the results of 2016 the district has taken the 8th place, according to the results of 2015 the district has taken the 11th place.
Character and potential of economy.
The district of Nikolaevka belongs to agricultural areas of the region. Economic and social stability of the area in general depends on efficiency of agro-industrial complex. The industrial sector is presented by wood processing, processing of agricultural production (flour, grain, vegetable oil, bakery products).
Economic capacity of the district includes industrial, agrarian, investment potential, potential retail trade and also potential small and average business, and characterizes by possibilities of the main sectors of economy to provide increase in production and the set level of efficiency of functioning of fields of activity of the district.
IV. Investment climate.
The district of Nikolaevka has great transport opportunities: through the area there passes the highway of federal importance M-5 “Moscow-Urals”. From the East to the West the area is crossed by the Kuibyshev railroad. Highways of regional value connect Nikolaevka to Pavlovka and Barysh.
In the territory of the district of Nikolaevka stock company
"Motor transportation enterprise of Nikolaevka " makes passenger transportations on the area and out of its limits.
Its primary activities are long-distance, custom, municipal and city transportations.
7. The municipal and town passenger traffic are subsidized.
JSC Nikolaevka passenger motor transport company serves 21 routes for vehicles. There are 4 long distance routes, 14 local routes and 3 intercity lines. There are no customs stations and the air lift transport.
Promotion of investment prospects.
Promotion of investment prospects is one of the main condition of successful social and economic development of the municipal settlement. It is based on the arrangement of prosperous conditions for investment advertising development of the regulatory and legal framework and business climate.
The attracting of the international and domestic investments for competitive trade and branch out into a new type of product is essential for dynamic development of the municipal settlement.
Education and science.
There are 24 educational organizations in education system of Nicolaevka district: 19 schools, 2 nursery-schools, 3 institution for supplementary education.
There is a technological college (specialities: a welder, a cookery technologist) and special boarding school for disabled children.
The system of recovery, recreation and employment for children and youth is organized in Nicolaevka district. In 2018 335 children (including 185 children of Nicolaevka district) visited the municipal camp “Zhemchuzhina”.
The children’s activity centre, the school of music, the youth sport school and the equestrian sport school are organized here.
Ambulance stations and 30 medical and obstetrical stations are affiliated with the municipal health care institution of Nikolaevka Central District Hospital.
1 hospital of medical district:
Baranovka district hospital and a policlinic for a hundred visits for shift .
2 outpatient clinics in Kanadey and Slavkino.
There are 48 departments of physical culture, the youth school and the equestrian sport school. The activities at volleyball, basketball, football, orienteering, skiing race, track-and-field athletics, equestrian and tae kwon do are organized on a regular basis. 6302 people are engaged in sports in the disrtrict. There are 22 gyms, 38 plate structures and a stadium. “The Zwezdny” fitness centre opened in2014 in Nikolaevka gave an impulse for sport development. The swimming, volleyball, wrestling competitions have become traditional.
The supplementary office # 6514 of Ulyanovsk regional branch of JSC “Russian Agricultural Bank”, the supplementary office #4264 42 of “Sberbank of Russia” in Novosspasskoe, the supplementary office of “VenetsBank” are operated here. There are representatives of the Following ibsurance companies LLC “Rosgossrtakh” ,CJSC “Solidarnost dlya Zhizni” and LLC “RGS-Medicine”.
The tourist attractions:
The architectural and cultural monuments:
The main attractions of the district:
* Lake Beloe (the Belozersk forestry)
* Lake Svetloe (the Ezekeevo forestry)
The branch "Culture" "Nikolaevsky district" is represented by 51 institutions of culture. All-Russian network actions were implemented as culture alliances throughout the year: Victory Day, Night of Museums, Biblionight, Night of Cinema, Night of Art. During the year in the territory of our region, the tour of the regional complex "Kinomobile" was conducted, in the framework of close cooperation with Ulyanovskkinofond. Close cooperation with regional institutions of culture and with creative collectives of All-Russian significance is conducted. Annually in the district there are festivals: "People's patterns" (June 12), "Samotsvety of Russian" (July 16), "Play, the harmonious fuss!" These large-scale events received a significant status "Region". In order to attract amateur artists to participate in creative events, the folk choir of Nikolayevsky MKDTS and the amateur artists of the district took part in regional festivals and competitions.
On the territory of the Nikolaevka district, the regional newspaper «Our region » is published and local television Nik-TV is broadcasting, which informs about the social and political life of the region, the country, the economy, the social sphere, culture, sport, national traditions, etc.
Healthcare of "Nikolaevka Central District Hospital" - 1 in Nikolaevka. Every day 500 people visit our hospital. There are 46 doctors and 273 medium-level medical workers. The
collective of medical workers is stable, all doctors have certificates. On the territory of the district there are 1…..
- Poganoi lake is in the Picheursky forest district.
-Popov spring is in Andreevsky forest.
-The source of water "Avardi panda" is in the village of Bayevka.
-Chernichniki is in the Ezekeevsky forest.
- Svetloe lake is in the Picheursky forest.
-Canaday Tower is an architectural monument of the 17th century in the village of Canaday.
-The ruins of the Golden Horde fortress are near the village of Canaday.
The White Lake is located on a hill 350.8 m above sea. This is the largest topographic point of the district. Due to its higher altitude the climate is more humid and cool compared to the eastern part of the region. The entire area is densely occupied by pine and pine-broad-leaved forests, among which there are a lot of wet and wetlands covered with a carpet of green mosses. On the high watersheds there are lakes(White, Svetloe, Poganoe) and marshes formed by lake overgrowth.
Beautiful nature surrounding the White Lake with a dark green wall of a pine forest around a large light water surface differs from the forest landscape typical for the Ulyanovsk region. The White lake is an array of southern taiga, named by Academician B.A. Keller "corner of Finland"